Business Prospects of Auto Bricks in Bangladesh


Fired clay bricks are a crucial construction material in Bangladesh, with the country being the fourth-largest brick producer globally. There are over 7,000 brick kilns in Bangladesh, manufacturing around 23 billion bricks each year. The industry contributes approximately 1% to the country’s GDP and provides employment to over a million people. With Bangladesh’s population reaching 159.9 million, the nation must construct approximately four million new homes annually to meet the burgeoning demand. This will further boost the growth of the brick industry in the region.

Brickmaking is an ancient art that has been used for centuries in construction. However, modern bricks differ from their predecessors in terms of materials used, production technology, and firing process.

For instance, Auto Bricks use modern kilns to do firing work. The molded bricks are fired in a kiln or oven at high temperatures. Bricks are refined by technology and machines are available to produce them in mass quantity in less time. It is today the leading manufacturer of quality engineered structural clay products, It has expertise in the production of modern structural clay products.

Key players of auto bricks in Bangladesh
  1. AM Auto Bricks Limited.
  2. Richmond Auto Bricks Ltd.
  3. Runner Bricks Ltd (RBL).
  4. Metrocem Auto Bricks Limited
  5. Rex Auto Bricks Ltd.
Market Viability of Concrete Blocks in Bangladesh Market 

The concrete block-manufacturing industry finds a boom-time in Bangladesh to seize the bulk of the Tk 90-billion brick market, as the new-generation building blocks are eco-friendly and cheaper. As the government has decided to ban the use of traditional bricks in the next three years in phases. Because of the environmental hazards brick kilns create, people are looking to eco-friendly construction materials to come up with their relief.

As a result, the demand for concrete blocks is on the rise-so is the silent but steady growth of the modern manufacturing industry. An insider in the business claims that many owners and operators of brick fields are now switching to hollow concrete blocks. The country’s brick market is already worth over Tk 90 billion, and producers of concrete blocks have already carved out a market share of almost Tk 2 billion. Concord, Mir Group, BTI, and Meghna are the top four market participants in the concrete-block sector, each holding 20% of the market. Large industries established automated concrete block production facilities at a cost of Tk 300–500 million.

Industry Analysis

The brick industry in Bangladesh has inefficient and dirty technologies that emit high pollutants. It relies heavily on manual labor with low mechanization rates. The sector is dominated by small-scale brick kilns with limited financial, technical, and managerial capacity. They employ workers informally and seasonally and use a single raw material (clay) to produce solid clay bricks. To address the environmental issues associated with brick production, the Government of Bangladesh has implemented multiple executive orders, rules, and acts since 1989. Initially, the government tried to decrease the impact of flue gas emissions on the environment by increasing the height of the BTK chimney.

However, this measure was not sufficient to lessen the environmental impacts of brick industries. Through the promulgation of the act of 2013, the government of Bangladesh decided to modernize brick kilns and eliminate them from urban areas by June 2016. However, the achievement of these objectives has been fraught with a number of difficulties. The rapid elimination of traditional brick kilns would have involved considerable social costs. On top of that, the investment capacity of brick manufacturing owners was sufficient for setting up modern brick kilns such as Tunnel Kilns to expand quickly enough to replace thousands of traditional kilns.

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